Choosing the Right Materials for Your Floating Staircase for Beginners


Floating staircases are increasingly popular for their modern and simple design styles. Choosing the right material is crucial as it impacts the overall aesthetics as well as the safety and stability of the staircase. This article introduces the materials commonly used in floating staircases to help you understand their characteristics and quickly decide which one best suits your needs and space.
Start exploring the essay below to find the most suitable material for your floating staircase!


Floating Stairs - A Current Trend

In architectural design, staircases are not merely means to ascend or descend; they play a pivotal role in defining the architectural style. Presently, staircases can be categorized broadly into two types: traditional closed staircases and the contemporary open floating staircases, with the latter being particularly popular.

Floating staircases, with their clean lines, create an illusion of weightlessness, reminiscent of a leaping musical score. They are a fusion of functionality and aesthetics. Compared to traditional closed staircases, they can make spaces appear more expansive and bright, facilitating optimal space utilization. Additionally, the customization options are limitless, enabling the creation of various styles easily.

Choice of Materials - Key to the Staircase

If you opt for a floating staircase, paying close attention to the material is crucial. The material choice directly influences the staircase’s load-bearing capacity, style, user experience, and longevity. Floating stairs are primarily composed of three parts: treads, balusters, and the keel.

The choice of materials for each component affects the overall staircase, so how do you make the most suitable selection? We will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of three common materials found in the market to assist you in your decision.



The tread is the part of the staircase that directly bears the user's weight.


● Pros: Features a natural grain and warm color, is easy to work with, and can be cut into a variety of shapes.

● Cons: Sensitive to environmental changes and requires regular maintenance to prevent insect damage and warping.


● Pros: Strong load-bearing capacity, not easily deformed, suitable for high-frequency use. Shapes the sense of space in industrial or modern styles.

● Cons: Imparts a cold-toned feeling, may need to be complemented by other decorative materials, and can be noisy.


● Pros: Provides an excellent perspective. Contemporary feel, suitable for modern or minimalist design styles, compatible with a wide range of materials.

● Cons: Requires reinforced glass for safety. Glass is prone to staining and needs regular cleaning and maintenance.

For a modern minimalism or rustic wood design in your indoor space, wood treads are ideal due to the simplicity and texture. If you pursue an industrial look, metal treads are a good choice for both interior or exterior settings, though they can be prone to noise issues. For a stunning futuristic aesthetic, and if your budget allows, glass treads with transparent staircase design can create a breathtaking centerpiece in your home.



The balustrade is a critical safety feature of a staircase, providing support and acting as a barrier.


● Pros: The natural texture and color of wood can add a sense of warmth to the interior. Comfortable to touch and not easily affected by temperature changes.

● Cons: Needs regular coating to protect it from moisture and damage, and is susceptible to insect attacks.

Stainless steel:

● Pros: Strong corrosion resistance, able to remain rust-free for a long time in humid or acidic and alkaline environments. High strength, stable and firm.

● Cons: Not suitable for complex design or special shape processing, slightly higher price.


● Pros: Lightweight and durable, it can be easily installed while being able to withstand high weight and usage pressure.

● Cons: Hardness is lower than stainless steel, which is prone to scratches and wear and tear. Corrosion resistance is also lower, especially outdoors.

Glass :

● Pros: Provides a complete perspective and opens up the space. Enhances the overall visual effect.

● Cons: Requires high-strength safety glass to prevent accidents. Needs regular cleaning to maintain transparency.

Now that you have an overview of the balustrade materials, you can choose what best suits your needs. For interior spaces with a log design, wood railings are a great choice, although care should be taken with the exterior, especially if installed outdoors. For modern, minimalist spaces, aluminum and stainless steel are ideal choices for both safety and style, indoors and outdoors. If you're looking to create a space that's airy and bright, glass is a good choice, though be sure to pick high-quality glass for safety.



The keel is the supporting structure of a suspended staircase, located on the sides or in the middle of the treads, providing structural support.


● Pros: Natural beauty. Suitable for all kinds of customized design, processing flexibility.

● Cons: Compared to metal, wood has slightly less load-bearing capacity and durability. Needs to be treated against moisture and insects.


● Pros: Aluminum is softer and easier to process and form. A corrosion-resistant oxide layer is naturally generated.

● Cons: Less abrasion-resistant and less resistant than steel. Higher environmental costs for primary production, relatively high energy consumption and carbon emissions.


● Pros: Very high load-bearing capacity, suitable for long spans and heavy load designs. Corrosion-resistant, durable and relatively simple to maintain. Not easy to accumulate dust and easy to clean.

● Cons: Precise calculation and fixing are required during installation.

The main keel materials on the current market are the above three, wooden keel can help you create a log style space, firmness and protection is something you need to pay attention to. Metal keel is the most solid choice, and can be customized color to match a variety of styles, choose aluminum or stainless steel, you can combine your budget and preferences to decide.

Choosing the Right Material for Your Home


Considering both the aesthetic and maintenance aspects, choosing the right material for staircases depends largely on the homeowner’s priorities and lifestyle.

Location Considerations:

Indoor or outdoor? Against a wall, in a corner, or centered?

Style Integration:

Struggling between cozy wood and industrial iron? Mixed options are available and can seamlessly blend into various styles. If unsure, our experienced team can provide professional customization services.

Budget and Maintenance Costs:

Factor in the initial costs and ongoing maintenance to select the most suitable material.


Selecting the right material for your floating staircase is a comprehensive decision-making process. This guide aims to help beginners understand the properties of various materials and find the ideal staircase material for their home.

If you have any doubts about material choices, contact us at Muzata. We have a professional team ready to assist you, offering a complete set of services including free design and quotation to ensure you find the perfect solution for your vision.



Q1: Are floating staircases durable?

Yes, floating staircases can be safe when properly designed and installed. It’s crucial to follow building codes and use quality materials to ensure structural integrity. Adding railings and non-slip treads can enhance safety.

Q2: How much weight can a floating staircase support?

The weight capacity of a floating staircase depends on the materials used and the design. Generally, they are engineered to support standard household usage, but it is crucial to consult with a structural engineer to ensure safety and compliance with local building codes.

Q3: Is a steel floating staircase a good option for an industrial look?

Absolutely. Steel floating staircases are ideal for achieving an industrial or contemporary look. They are strong, durable, and can be finished in various colors or left with a raw, unfinished appearance.

Q4: What is a better material to choose for outdoor installation of suspended stairs?

Outdoors will be more susceptible to the weather, so when choosing a staircase material, waterproof and rust-proof stainless steel will be better, and it's okay to choose wooden treads with a waterproof layer for the treads.

Q5: Can I install a floating staircase in a small space?

Yes, floating staircases are often used in small spaces because their open design can make the area feel larger and more open. They take up less visual space than traditional staircases.

Q6:Can I install a floating staircase myself?

While it’s possible to install a floating staircase yourself, it’s recommended to hire a professional, especially if you lack experience. Proper installation is critical for safety and structural stability.

Q7: How do I ensure my floating staircase meets building codes?

Work with a professional contractor who is familiar with local building codes and regulations. They can ensure your floating staircase is designed and installed to meet safety standards and legal requirements.

Q8: How do I maintain floating staircase?

Maintenance varies by material. Wood may require regular polishing or refinishing, steel may need occasional cleaning and rust prevention, and glass should be cleaned to prevent smudges and scratches.

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